Industrialization Case Study Manchester Ppt Templates

Presentation on theme: "Industrialization: Case Study Manchester"— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrialization: Case Study Manchester
Chapter 9 Section 2Industrialization: Case Study Manchester

2 Industrial Cities Rise
Factories offered higher wages than farmsPeople began to live and look better (i.e. homes were heated, clothes were nice)People moved to cities to find jobs (population grew)Factories emerged near energy sourcesEnglish cities grew immensely

3 Living ConditionsSince population grew so rapidly, there were no development plans or sanitary and building codesCities lacked adequate housing, education, and police protection for newcomersCities were dirty due to lack of drainage and garbage collection

4 Living Conditions (cont)
Whole families shared one bedroom of a shelterSickness spread quickly (Epidemics of cholera were common)City dwellers had a 17 year life span; Rural living was 38Well-to-do merchants and factory owners lived in the suburbs

5 Working Conditions 14 hour days / 6 days a week
Dangerous places to workWomen and children worked in factories and mines because they were the cheapest labor

6 Class Tensions GrowMiddle class emerges-consisted of skilled workers, professionals, businesspeople, and wealthy farmersLandowners and aristocrats looked down on the new wealthyUpper Middle Class-consisted of government employees, doctors, lawyers, managers of factoriesLower Middle Class-consisted of factory overseers and skilled workers

7 The Working Class Frustrated by being replaced by machines
Luddites attacked factories to destroy the machines that stole their jobs

8 Positive Effects of Industrialization
Created jobs for workersContributed to wealth of nationFostered technological progress and inventions

9 1800’s Diets became healthier Housing conditions became better
Clothing was made cheaper but betterLaborers received higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions (creation of unions)

10 Mills of ManchesterOccurred-access to water power, available labor, and harbor at LiverpoolBusiness owners reaped the benefits from the factories and built homes in the suburbsLaborers worked in terrible conditions

11 Mills of Manchester (cont)
Child as young as 6 worked from 6am-7 or 8pmTo keep the children awake, supervisors would beat or whip the childrenInjuries occurred frequently and the air was hard to breatheFactory Act of 1819 changed labor laws and helped the children

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Presentation Transcript
What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
  • Poor city dwellers
    • No plans, sanitary codes or building regulations to controlled the rampant growth of English cities.
    • The poor lacked adequate housing
    • Many were forced to live in dark, filthy, overcrowded slums
    • Very unhealthy and unsafe conditions
What changes did industrialization bring about for the following groups of people?
  • Factory Workers
    • Factory owners wanted to keep their machines running for as many hours a day as possible.
    • Workers were forced to work long hours
    • Starvation wages,
    • Often dangerous and unhealthy conditions
    • Later, working conditions and the standards of living improved = laws were passed

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