Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. There are around 2 millions Muslims in Britain, around 2.7% of the population.
The word 'Islam' in Arabic means submission to the will of God.
Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe there is one true God Allah (the Arabic word for God)
Muslims believe that Islam was revealed over 1400 years ago in Mecca, Arabia through a man called Muhammad. Muhammad is so revered that it is usual for Muslims to say 'peace be upon him' whenever they mention his name.
Muhammad is believed by Muslims to be the last prophet sent by God (Allah) According to Muslims, God sent prophets to mankind to teach them how to live according to His law. Jesus (Isa), Moses (Musa) and Abraham (Ibrahim) are other respected prophets.
The Muslim holy book is called the Qur'an. Muslims believe this to be the word of Allah as dictated to Muhammad. They also have the Sunnah, which Muslims believe to be the practical example of Prophet Muhammad. Muslims follow the five basic Pillars of Islam.They are an essential part of Muslim life:
The Five Pillars of Islam are an essential part of Muslim life. These pillars are:
- the declaration of faith (Shahada)
- praying five times a day (Salat)
- giving money to charity (Zakah)
- fasting (Sawm)
- a pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in a lifetime(Hajj)
Muslims worship in a building called a Mosque. On Friday at noon, the most important of the weekly services is held. When Muslims pray, they must always face Makkah.
More Islamic festivals and events
Islam - An Introduction
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world
Flag of India
The name `India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers.
Full name: Republic of India
Population: 1.2 billion (UN, 2009)
Capital: New Delhi
Most-populated city: Mumbai (Bombay)
Area: 3.1 million sq km (1.2 million sq miles), excluding Indian-administered Kashmir (100,569 sq km/38,830 sq miles)
Major languages: Hindi, English and at least 16 other official languages
Major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism
Facts and information about India
Also on ths Day .....
15 August 1769: Napoleon's Birthday. Napolean Bonaparte was considered the greatest miltart genius of his time and led France to many successes in battle.s
15 August 1945 : VJ Day Victory over Japan. The official date for the ceremony to mark the formal surrender of the Japanese to the Allies less than 24 hours earlier.
15 August 1987: Corporal punishment in schools is officially banned in Britain, except in independent schools in the private sector.