Eastern Vs Western Culture Essay Example

Essay Differences Between Indian and American Culture

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Cultural comparison (West vs East)

Everybody has their own definition of Culture – and when this word is used generally, most audiences have a rough idea of its meaning. Culture usually refers to the beliefs, ideas, languages, rituals and traditions by certain communities, that are passed from generation to generations continuously over the past many centuries. In society, two cultures cannot be same if one is located on the west coast and the other one is all the way to the East. As we compare, the American and Indian cultures have very vast differentiation between them. While the culture of America is a mixture of different cultures since each immigrant internally packed his or her previously…show more content…

If they were to meet each other without the parent’s permission, it is considered as bad manner and bad upbringing. In India, the average age to marry is 24 years old for the males and 22 to 23 years old for the females. Indian weddings are usually the longest wedding, which are held in the night time in a huge wedding hall, that includes many different rituals which are performed in front of the God and the couple promise’s each other that they will be together in a sad or a happy moment, no matter what will be the results. Even though wedding has the same meaning in every culture, the way of celebration and ceremony is different. According to iloveindia.com, the ceremony in India is about the priest, groom, bride, and bride’s parents sit beneath a mandap, and a canopy. The wedding ceremony starts off with the Kanya Daan, in which the bride’s parents give away the bride’s hand to the groom with all her responsibility. Then the couple holds hands together and start circling around a small, enclosed fire in a ritual called the mangal phera for seven times by taking a seven oaths together to spend a rest of the life to live as a one soul. The seven steps around the enclosed fire, is the vow to support each other and live happily together. Finally, the groom will apply a red powder to the center of the bride’s forehead and tie a black beaded necklace around her neck, symbolizing

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The East is East and the West is West! Neither is better nor worse than the other. The philosophies and beliefs are not really absolute in this day and age of cosmopolitan living. But, if truth be told, variations do exist even though in unpredictable proportions. It’s the way of looking at life that by and large differs. For the purpose of clarity, it has been assumed that Asia, including Middle East, depicts the Eastern world while Europe and North America form the Western world. Here is a list of top 10 differences between Eastern and Western Cultures that show a few broad demarcations between them.

10. Larger than Life status of leaders:

In the eastern cultures, the leader assumes supreme status. He has a great bearing on the general public. This comes from the fact that in eastern cultures a technically greater man is often elevated to God-like status irrespective of his worth. While in the western cultures, the concept of equality is taken more seriously and a leader is just one among the rest. He is not looked as above and over the general public.

9. Relationships:

The relationships in the eastern cultures are family centric. Couples for example need to pass through family approvals before taking the step towards something as personal and important as marriage. This is also one of the reasons why arranged marriages are still very much pertinent to the eastern societies. In the western civilization, the self is given preference over family and hence decisions on priority and relevance of relationships are of the individual. This is infact one of the major differences between eastern and western cultures.

8. Travelling or Vacations:

The Western world takes time out for travelling as an indispensable part of their lives. Vacations are days that are looked forward to in that part of the world. While holidays are awaited as much eagerly by those living in the Eastern world, too, the luxury of taking one depends very much on the work place approvals, nature of the individuals and mindset of the society. Often it is years before a long break is taken by people in these countries. Perhaps it is something to do with the slogging and laboring mindset pertinent in the east.

7. Individual worth:

The individual is given more worth in the western society, while it is the community and the family that tops the list in the eastern society. Both has its sets of pros and cons as the importance given to family forms a support system always available in times of need; the same might not be present to those in the west. However, the vital decisions of one’s life are often forced on an individual by the family or community in the east while this is hardly ever the case in the west.

6. Spirituality:

Religion in the eastern society is given more importance than perhaps in the west. The importance of religion in the east can be gauged by the events related to religion that still stir societies in this part of the world. To this day there are riots and killings in the name of faith. Although religion is a very much existent concept in the west, it has not been stretched to the extent of intolerance like in the east.

5. Independence:

The idea of independence in its true context exists only in the western culture. In the east, independence comes with “ifs” and “buts” or laden with various other conditions. No individual can be truly independent in the east where the bond with the family precedes anything related to the self. Something as basic as children moving out of the parents’ house after a certain age which is very much common and sanctioned in the western culture is seen as blasphemous to family in the east.

4. Status of female:

In the east women are still regarded as those who would sacrifice professional life and career in favour of rearing children (yes, just like cattle) and taking care of the family. This is one of the psyches of the East that is not prevalent in the West. A female in the west is free to decide her priorities and something as basic as when to marry or even bear children. The same luxury or right has to be fought for and often not granted to the women in the East.

3. Forthrightness:

The West is known for its openness and the ease with which several topics are discussed across generations. Discussing something as basic and important as child birth or sex is still a taboo in the East while that is done with much candour in the West. The lack of openness and conservative outlook is in fact one of the hurdles in making sex education a must in the East while the same proceeds almost without any hindrance in the West.

2. Attitude:

When it comes to attitude, the West could be thought of as analytical and detailed. The focus on the problem at hand and arrive at an outcome based of the pros and cons of that particular problem. The East, however, is known for its holistic view. The preference of the latter is to come to a well-rounded and all-inclusive solution which applies across the table.

1. Rigid Beliefs:

It has been seen that more often than not the people from the East are rigid in their ideologies and beliefs. For them the truth is what has been there for thousands of years and not to be challenged irrespective of its fading validity in modern times. However, things are looked from a rational perspective in the West, and decisions and actions are not emotionally driven.

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