Comparison Of Judaism And Christianity Essay

Example of a Compare and Contrast essay on Philosophy about:

christianity / Judaism / Old Testament / God / faith

Essay Topic:

The philosophical investigation of the two major world religions Christianity and Judaism.

Essay Questions:

Why Christianity and Judaism often opposed? What is the main difference between Christianity and Judaism? What is the thing that unites the two major world religions: Christianity and Judaism?

Thesis Statement:

It goes without saying that these two religions do have a lot in common, which is primarily due to the fact that Judaism was the forefather of Christianity as well as of Islam. The main base is the same for both religions – the Old Testament.

 

Comparison of Christianity and Judaism essay

Introduction: The question concerning the similarities and contrasts of Judaism and Christianity has always been a priority in the religious world. It goes without saying that these two religions do have a lot in common, which is primarily due to the fact that Judaism was the forefather of Christianity as well as of Islam. The main base is the same for both religions – the Old Testament.

Nevertheless, the influence that Christianity has experienced over the years of its existence has created certain differences in these religions. Both Christians and Jews believe in the existence of God who was the one to create the universe and everything inside it. What differs is the notion of God: Christianity claims the idea of the trinity of God. In Judaism God cannot be divided into different parts but is holistic. For Jews God is unique and is a wholesome entity, which is “solid”. The basic difference on the background of general similarities is that therefore Judaism rejects the existence Jesus as one of the three “parts” of God.

Conclusion: The peculiarity of Judaism is that people belonging to other religions are still the children of their God, who deserve his love and holy protection. Another difference between the religions is the attitude towards faith and good deeds. Judaism puts good deeds higher as a complete reflection of faith. Christianity does not consider good deeds be sufficient if a person does not have faith inside. In terms of morale, Jews believe that a person is born neutral and only then shapes his moral values. Christianity states that a person inherits the moral values. There are also numerous other small differences, though both of the religions posses the same message in the core – Love.

 

Judaism and Christianity

Judaism is one of the oldest religions whose founder is Abraham. Judaism teaches its followers that there is one Supreme Being, Yahweh, who called the founder Abraham. Yahweh gave Judaism believers a law to govern their actions and interactions. Judaism’s scriptures consist of the law (Torah), writings and prophets. These scriptures form the old testament of the bible. Christianity started with Jesus Christ. The religion proclaims one God who manifests in three distinct but equally powerful persons, that is, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Christianity embraces both the new and old testaments of the bible. Although Judaism and Christianity have several common beliefs and scriptures, both religions disagree on some beliefs and practices.

Similarities between Judaism and Christianity

Judaism and Christianity share some beliefs. Both religions believe in one supreme God and the teachings in the Old Testament. Both religions believe in the power of the Holy Spirit even though Judaism does not consider the Holy Spirit as equal with God. Both Christianity and Judaism teach about sin and its eternal punishment in hell. Traditional Judaism teachings emphasize eternal punishment for sin but modern Judaism emphasizes on temporal punishment for sins. Both Jews and Christians believe in a promised Messiah who would save the world from its sin.

Differences between Judaism and Christianity

Judaism is different from Christianity in many ways. Christianity was founded on Jesus Christ and his teachings. Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah while Judaism disregards this belief. Jews believe that Jesus Christ was just an ordinary Jew and not a messiah or a supreme being. Another difference between Judaism and Christianity is that Judaism does not acknowledge the teachings in the New Testament. These teachings form the foundation of Christianity. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God whose death reconciled man to God. Judaism disagrees with this belief and do not value Jesus Christ’s mission on earth.

Jews believe that Jesus Christ died for his claims to divinity. He did not die to save humanity as Christians claim. Christianity considers the Holy Spirit as one of the persons of God. Judaism on the other hand considers the Holy Spirit as some divine power given to prophets in the Old Testament. Judaism teaches that prayer and repentance on the Day of Atonement achieve atonement for sin. Christianity teaches that the death of Jesus Christ was the atonement for all sin. Another difference between the two religions is that Judaism teaches salvation through good works while Christianity teaches salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.

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