Chhotte Sahibzade (Punjabi: ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ) of Guru Gobind Singh attained martyrdom on 25/26 December 1705 at a very young age. This is known as Saka Sirhind. Every year on 24 to 26 December, Shaheedi Jor Mela is organised at Fatehgarh Sahib, to commemorate the supreme sacrifice at the place of their martyrdom.
Following are series of events related to Saka Sirhind:
- Eviction of Mata Gujri, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh from Anandpur Sahib siege.
- Arrest of above three at Morinda and hearing at Sirhind.
- innocent appearance at Sirhind Court.
- Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan defended young Sahibzadas.
- Declaration of Innocence of Sahibzadas, by Qazis and other officials.
- Provocative arguments by Diwan Sucha Nand Brahmin and young Sahibzadas to support prosecution.
- Found guilty of keeping ideology rebellious to Mughal Government and religions.
- Punishment - Bricked alive
What happened there The Mughal forces, Hilly Rajas' forces had laid seize to Anandgarh Fort, Anandpur Sahib for about 8 months, in 1704. The Mughals and Hilly Rajas wanted Guru Gobind Singh to leave the fort they swore on Gita and Quran to give a safe passage to Guru. The Guru decided to leave the fort. Guru Sahib, four Sahibzadas, Mata Gujri, Guru's Mahil (wives), five Panj Piaras and a few hundred Sikhs left Anandpur Sahib on the chilly night of 20 December 1704 towards Ropar. In the intervening night of 20–21 December, the rnemy breached the vows and attacked Guru's entourage at a site on Sarsa rivulet some 25 km from Anandpur Sahib. Guru's family separated. This spot is now known as Parwar Vichhora. Mata Gujri with two younger grandsons, accompanied Guru family cook, Gangoo, a Brahamin, to his village, Saheri near Morinda. Guru's Mahil left with Bhai Mani Singh, towards Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh with two elder Sahibzadas, 5 Panj Piaras and 40 Sikhs proceeded towards Chamkaur and reached there, in the afternoon of 21 December. Both are in Ropar Distt.(Pb.). The famous Chamkaur battle, took place on 22 and 23 December 1704, where two elder Sahibzadas, 3 Panj Piaras and 40 Sikhs laid down their lives. Mata Gujri and the two younger Sahibzadas were arrested by Morinda Mughals sent by Wazir Khan at Saheri village. From there, they were handed over to Suba Sirhind. They were imprisoned, in the Thanda Burj (Cold Tower). A farcical Trial began, in the Kacheri, (Court) of Suba Sirhind. It lasted for three days. On 27 December 1704, a heinous and cold-blooded crime was committed in the Sarzameen of Sirhind. Guru Gobind Singh's two younger sons, Baba Fateh Singh and Baba Zorawar Singh aged 7 and 9 years were bricked alive and later killed in the presence of the Assembly of Shaitans, presided over by Suba Sirhind, Wazir Khan. Two younger Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri were cremated by a devout Sikh, Diwan Todar Mal, at a spot, now known as Joyti Saroop Gurudwara.
Samat Bikrmi dates and year: Leaving of Anandpur Sahib,5 Poh 1761, Battle of Chamkaur 6, 7 and 8 Poh 1761, Saka Sirhind 11,12 and 13 Poh 1761.
Shaheedi Jor Mela
Time: 24th to 26th December
Place: Gurudwara Fatehpur Sahib, Fatehpur district (Punjab)
Significance: Celebrated to pay tribute to the great martyrdom of Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh Singh Ji
Highlights: Three days mela; with akhand paath on first day, political rallies on second day and nagar kirtan on third day
Shaheedi Jor Mela is organized every year in the month of December, at the Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, in the Fatehgarh District of Punjab. The fair is organized to pay tribute to the martyrdom of Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh Singh Ji. They were the brave Sahibzadas (princes) of Guru Gobind Singh. They have a special position in the history of Sikhism owing to their unshaken patriotism to their religion. At a very tender age, they denied the offer of Wazir Khan, the then Governor of Sirhind, to have treasures and easy life if they convert to Islam. They were initially entombed alive, by being bricked to a wall. However, it was not powerful enough to kill them. Later, on 26th December 1705, both of them were mercilessly martyred at Sirhind.
Shaheedi Jor Mela is organized for three consecutive days, in the month of Demmber. The mela begins on 24th December in a highly religious manner. Akhand Paath of Guru Granth Sahib is organized at Gurdwara Jyoti Swarup. Next day is the day for political rallies and meetings. Various stages are set near the gurdwaras, for this purpose only. Finally, on 26th December, the mela ends with nagar kirtan from Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib to Gurdwara Jyoti Swarup.
Lakhs of devotees visit Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib and Gurdwara Jyoti Swarup during the three days of the mela, to pay their homage to the two Gurus. People from nearby villages actively participate in its preparations. They extend their helpful hand in organizing langars (free meals) for the devotees visiting Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib. They also cooperate at the community kitchen, serving tea, snacks and meals to the devotees on their way to Sirhind. People from far away places come to Sirhind to do service (karsewa) despite the chilly cold winter of December.